The most magnificent diamond in the crown of the Indonesian archipelago - the island of Bali. Located on the Indonesian archipelago, the largest in the world, which has more than 13,600 islands (according to other data, about 17,000 islands). This is the most extreme of the Lesser Sunda Islands, which stretch from the Indian Ocean island of Java to the island of Timor. Together with the adjacent islands of the island constitutes the province of the same name. Bali is washed by the Indian Ocean on the south, and from the north Bali Sea, which is part of the Pacific Ocean. In the west of Bali in good weather you can see the island of Java, which it is separated by a small strait. (There it offers a busy fairy service) In the east, on a clear day you can see the nearby island of Lombok, comparable to the size of Bali.
The Size of the island of Bali is quite small - about 80 km from north to south and about 150 km from west to east. Wallace Line, which stretches from Bali and Lombok to the east, is the boundary between the flora and fauna of tropical Asia and the natural areas of Australia and New Guinea.
From east to west Bali stretches quite a large mountain range. Two of the biggest active volcano island is Gunung Agung (altitude 3142 m) and Gunung Batur (altitude 1717 m). They are located in the northeastern part of the island. In 1963, there was a major eruption Gunung Batur and Gunung Agung, which led to many casualties and forced many Balinese people to migrate to other areas of the island.
Another two highest peaks of Bali is Batukaev (altitude 2278 m) and Abang (altitude 2152 m). This mountain range located in the south of the limestone plateau, which is called "Bukit" - hills, divides the island into two totally different regions. Northern, rather abruptly rises from the narrow coastline to the mountain slopes. Here, a relatively dry climate, which favors the cultivation of the coffee culture. In this part of Bali are two rivers that irrigate the rice fields around Singaraja and Seririta. Southern Region is a stretch from the north to the south-facing terrace, where rice is grown. Numerous rivers flow through the gorges with lush vegetation. South-west - is a small, well-irrigated land and dry land coconut plantations.
Instead of the four seasons the usual for us, Bali has only two - the dry (June to October) and wet (November to March). But in some areas of Bali is the difference between them is almost imperceptible.
Maximum rainfall occurs in winter, in January-February. But it should be noted that even when it's wet season, the rains can be local, in the form of a brief (no more than one to two hours) tropical downpours. After, the air is clean and fresh and all is nourished. The fragrant scent of flowers and the fresh sea breeze.
The annual average temperature of the ocean is about 26-28 degrees, the air temperature throughout the year ranges from 26-30 degrees. If you know what a holiday in Cuba and other Caribbean islands, you will understand - the climate in Bali is very similar.
In the mountains at night can be cool. In the lowlands near the ocean and hardly fell the difference between day and night air temperature throughout the year. Acclimatization is very easy, even if you came from the January frost.
For all these reasons many come to rest on the island of tourists from around the world, 365 days a year.
On the island grow four types of forests: the tropical evergreen rain in the west, deciduous forests in the north-west in remote areas of the forest and mountain savanna forest. Evergreen rain forest can be seen in the park Bali Barat. In this park you can find rare species of plants, huge old trees, which are protected. A lot of plants in the family fikus, fig and banana groves.
Bali is particularly well represented palm trees. Banana trees in Bali are sacred, they grow very well, multiply and the fruit and roots feed of a variety of animals: monkeys, squirrels, bats. Borass palm leaves, dried and pressed, go into the making "lontarov" on which they write the sacred texts. And from sugar palm leaves are flowers that believers bring to the Balinese temples as a ritual offering.
There are also other types of trees such as ebony. In some areas there is balsa wood, which is extremely light - it is a very comfortable material for traditional masks. Bamboo ubiquitous, some of which reach 30-40 cm in diameter. Bamboo is a versatile building material for the Balinese.
In the west and north-west areas can be impenetrable and stretch impassable thickets of evergreen rainforest. It is home to about 280 species of birds, including the endangered balliysky Starling. This is one of the rarest birds in the world. Also here you can find - crested eagle dollarberda, Adjutant: a large black-and-white stork with a massive bill and a bare head and neck, found in India and SE Asia and many others.
Close to the local people live the primates. The most common: rhesus macaque monkey. The locals call these monkeys "Kera". They are quite successfully tamed, living in large families in human settlements and temples Quite often, local residents keep the monkeys as pets. Also the long-tailed macaque, crab-eating monkey (java). Among other mammals are most interesting leopard cat, pangolin and black squirrels.
In Bali, lives and well-known luwak. This is the same animal, which is involved in the manufacture of the world famous coffee "luwak". That is, is not correct to say in the making, and the "change" coffee beans. Grains that lyuvak ate, and then naturally rid of them, used by man for making the most expensive coffee. It is believed that these grains that have passed through the animal, give the brew a characteristic flavor. At the present time in Indonesia work the whole factory, where the animals are fed the same fruit, producing tons of grain for export.
Coral reefs close to Bali full of fish. It is inhabited by gigantic manta rays, hammerhead shark, a giant sunfish, and barracuda. In the north of the island you can meet the dolphins. In the clefts of the reefs are moray eels and sea snakes. It is worth noting that due to the fact that the reefs surround the island large predators do not swim to the shore.
Bali is 8 degrees south of the equator defines it as a tropical climate with high temperatures throughout the year. Daytime temperatures rising to 33 ˚C, the island gets plenty of sunlight and heat. Sunrise is around 6 -7 am, sunset around 6-7 pm throughout the year. The change in temperature throughout the year is not so much, the day is 31-33 ˚C, in the evening and at night 24-26 ˚C. April is the hottest month of the year, the humidity can drop to 65%, and the average temperature maximum is 33 ˚C during the day and 25 ˚C at night. July and August are the windiest months, refreshing cool breeze blowing throughout the day. It is at this time on the island of Bali are flying kites competition, everywhere you can see children with little homemade flying serpents, and adults that make giants, up to 6 meters long "aircraft" and face off on Sanur and Ketewel beaches. The mountains temps are pretty cool at night, and generally fresher than in the rest of the territory.
Bali has two seasons: the dry seasons, from April to October and wet from November to March. However, even in the middle of the wet season, tourists can look forward to sunny days and plan outdoor activities. When the rains fall during the evening and night, with a few exceptions, when skies are overcast and the rain comes in during the day, this has its advantages, so-as air temperatures do not change much, you can devote these days’ to cultural programs, shopping or sightseeing trips.
The wet season in Bali from November to March
During this period, the day temperature 31-33 º C, relative humidity of about 80% precipitation of 215mm - 300mm. During the wet season, the rain brings a cooling effect, but increases the relative humidity. At this time, heavy rain can fall almost every day and some times in the form of tropical storms.
The dry season in Bali from April to October
Day temperature, 30 - 32 ˚ C, relative humidity of about 60%, and rainfall is at a minimum. As in many coastal cities after dark the island of Bali has a nite life. The temperature is around 24-26 ˚ C. This period of time in Bali is the peak season, characterized by a large number of tourists, higher prices for accommodation and food.
In 2010, the population of Bali has exceeded 3.5 million. The vast majority (over 90%) of whom are of the kind of Hinduism, which is called "Agama Hindu Dharma". The remaining 10% are Muslims, Buddhists and Christians.
In ethnic terms, the Balinese - a kind of "fusion" of Malays, Melanesians, Indians, Chinese and the indigenous peoples of Indonesia. They are ubiquitous, helpful and charming. Amazingly creative, artistic, balanced, and endowed with a sense of humor people, hospitality and joie de vivre that can only be envied.
Bali - a Hindu society, living in a Muslim country and is constantly in contact with foreigners. And it's only just stirs interest in local customs. Balinese themselves are very proud of their traditions and strictly follow the code of conduct. Tourists while visiting the island try to understand and respect, and to adapt to local customs.
Balinese people are extremely friendly people. Despite the large number of tourists, the attitude towards them is not spoiled, unlike most popular resorts. After all, this is why we are here, here has a freedom that seems to be lost else-were in the world.
A rich sensual culture of the local population expressed in their handicraft works. The island is famous for its traditional wooden sculpture, made in the archaic pagan and Hindu traditions, different and distinctive decorative Balinese painting.
Cult is a Balinese batik craft - painting on silk or cotton. The fabric layers applied traditional pattern that has a symbolic meaning. Batik sew a festive and casual clothes.
One of the most unique spectacles - Balinese dances with many performers in national costumes. This theatrical presentation, the general meaning of which is based on the eternal struggle between "good and evil". The most majestic and popular of them - it's a massive dance "Kechak» (Kecak) and dance «Barong-Kris». "Kecak" dance at sunset in Uluwatu Temple about 150 performers illustrating the episode of the epic Ramayana, where a group of monkeys, led by Hanoman, tries to save a kidnapped Dewi Shinta from the claws of the giant Rahwana. Kechak - a unique spectacle in which the dancers create the background and the main action - the romantic story of two lovers Rama and Sita.
Hinduism in Bali - the fusion of indigenous beliefs, Buddhism, and the teachings of Shiva, who came from India. Buddhism in the form of Mahayana (Great Vehicle), which is common in China, Tibet, Korea and Japan. Buddhist Brahmins are concentrated in the region of Karangasem. Agama Hindu Dharma - is altered doctrine, which used to be called "Agama Tirta" - a religion of holy water, a mixture of Shaivism and Buddhism came from Java. It is based on the theological views of Hindu philosophy, furnished with religious ceremonies, rooted in pagan beliefs of the natives. Paganism is particularly noticeable in the cult of nature and ancestor worship. Nature is seen as a higher power, and each of its components have their spirits or spirit, which can be materialized in the altar offerings or cajole (Saji) in the form of agricultural products.
In addition, an important role in the religious beliefs of the Balinese people are playing the mountain as a haven of gods and ancestors. Balinese people think and act, focusing on the mountain refuge of the gods. They do not start work without consulting with a priest to learn, is favorable to this day and this hour, and at this moment are related forces of gods and demons in the cosmic wheel of time. Building a house, they follow once and for all the rules, which must be located temple (the divine part), living room (the space people), kitchen and entrance (asylum demon). Religion Bali is known around the world for its magical rituals. These rituals and offerings to follow one after the other and are designed to maintain harmony between the human world and the world of the gods. Total Bali about 20 thousand temples.
The cheapest form of transport on the island - it BEMO, a small three-wheeled vans. But it only uses mainly local people. Public transport, in our understanding, is poorly developed. Therefore, the most common transport among the local population - a moped or scooter.
For tourists travel around the island is not a problem. The most common means is by taxi, which the island very much. This is especially evident in the south of the island is very easy to find a taxi. Most companies have a taxi service to your home or hotel. Trips to the island by taxi relatively inexpensive. For example a trip from Seminyak in Nusa Dua will take about 30 minutes and cost about 60-70 thousand Indonesian rupiah (about 7-8 U.S. dollars). Recommend using the services of the largest taxi companies on the island - BlueBird. They park in the main street and many are comfortable Toyota sedans and are visible from afar. Votes may be a simple show of hands. Sitting in a taxi do not forget to remind the driver to use the meter (taximeter), it will save you from any possible misunderstanding.
In 1945. when Indonesia declared its independence, tourism is almost non-existent, and the infrastructure was at zero. The next twenty years, the situation has not changed, and even hippies who came to Bali from all over the world, living only in the unpretentious bungalow with the lack of electricity. They basically stayed on the beach in Kuta, where the cheapest room without any facilities cost only a few cents. But even then, in the area of Sanur appreciated the promise of the first tour operators in the region and began to develop tourism.
In 1969, was carried out a careful analysis of the situation in Bali and developed a plan of development of the tourism sector. The project was so successful that it had deposits of the United Nations under the sponsorship of the World Bank. Totally refurbished airport began construction of luxury hotels and many small budget hotels to make an offer to tourists with different levels of income. Steel drain the rice fields and marshes, started to lay water pipes in dry areas. And gradually replaced the budget came to rest elite tourism of the highest quality.
Currently, Bali has become the center of attraction of global stars, world-famous actors and singers come to Bali for the wedding ceremony, and top managers from Europe and Asia spend their holidays in the elite golf clubs and luxury residences. Widespread environmental and beach tourism. Especially popular was the direction of surfing and diving.
Recently, there was a trend of lower prices for travel services such as hotels and rental villas. And if you have previously considered an elite resort with rental prices are above average, but now the price can easily afford more and more tourists from different countries. In this regard, in recent years, Bali is experiencing a real tourist boom and entering the number of foreigners increased by 20-25% annually.
Visa and other entry and exit conditions (such as currency, customs and quarantine regulations) change regularly. Contact the nearest Embassy or Consulate of Indonesia for the most up-to-date information. You should ensure you have the correct, current visa at all times, otherwise you may be fined, jailed, deported or banned from re-entering Indonesia for a period of time.
Visitors may be granted a 30-day visa on arrival for a fee of USD25 (this is not available to foreigners entering Indonesia through the land border between East Timor and Indonesian West Timor). Some airlines flying from Australia to Jakarta and Bali may offer a visa processing service on board the flight. Visitors travelling on an Emergency Passport will only be able to enter Indonesia if they have obtained a visa from an Embassy or Consulate of Indonesia.
Visas are non-transferable, but may be extended once for an additional 30 days without leaving the country. The period of stay for visas is calculated from the day of arrival. Part days are counted as whole days. Fines are imposed for each additional day in Indonesia. If you are staying in a private residence (not a hotel), you are required to register with the local Rukun Tetangga (RT) Office and the local police when you arrive. If you plan to be in Indonesia for more than 90 days, you must register with the local immigration office and hold the correct visa.
All persons departing Indonesia are required to pay 150,000 IDR Departure Tax (in Indonesian currency) at the point of departure.
Make sure your passport has at least six months' validity from your planned date of return to Australia. You should also carry copies of a recent passport photo with you in case you need a replacement passport while overseas.
Indonesian Rupiah. In the international classification designated IDR, domestic Rp. One rupee is equal to 100 Sonam. In circulation are banknotes in denominations of 1,000, 2,000, 5,000, 10,000, 50,000, 100,000 rupees coins of 50, 100, 500, 1000 rupees.
In the tourist areas of Bali and cities payable accept U.S. dollars and euros. On small islands and outside the tourist areas are preferred local currency. In hotels, major banks, shops accept credit cards VISA, Master card, American Express. In remote areas, the use of credit cards is almost impossible.
It is not necessary to change money at airports, seaports and tourist spots. The coые will always be low. A more favorable exchange rate are available at the usual bank outside the airport or the port terminal.
|1 USD||9950 Indonesian rupiah|
*average rate on 01/07/2013